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Treatment of epilepsy

Medication

  • For most people with epilepsy, treatment with medications called anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) is recommended. About 70% of people with the condition are able to control their seizures with AEDs.
  • These medications cannot cure epilepsy, but they are often very effective in controlling seizures. Examples of commonly used AEDs include sodium valproate, carbamazepine, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, oxcarbazepine, ethosuximide and topiramate.
  • There are many different AEDs. Generally, they work by changing the levels of the chemicals in your brain that conduct electrical impulses. This reduces the chance of a seizure.
  • Sometimes they may cause side effects, such as drowsiness, agitation or rashes.

Surgery


Vagal Nerve Stimulator (VNS)

  • If surgery is not an option for the type of epilepsy you have, you may be offered an alternative procedure called a Vagal Nerve Stimulator (VNS) that can help control seizures.
  • It involves 3 parts, implanting a small electrical device under your skin; a wire that is wrapped around your vagal nerve in your neck and a magnet.
  • See more information in the online leaflet here


Ketogenic Diet

  • A ketogenic diet a diet high in fats and low in carbohydrates and protein, and it is thought that it may make seizures less likely by altering the chemical composition of the brain.
  • It is mainly used in children.


Self-Management

  • Be aware of any triggers you may have, and avoid stressful situations where possible.
  • Get a good night’s sleep.
  • Take your medication regularly and avoid missing doses.
  • Drink alcohol in moderation.
  • Avoid recreational drugs.

 

 
 

Additional Information

 
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